CFD simulation of xenon removal by helium bubble sparging in molten salt

Jiaqi Chen, Caleb S. Brooks

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Molten Salt Reactor (MSR) designs promise exceptional passive safety, fuel utilization and sustainability. Removal of problematic fission products such as Xenon will enable precise and flexible dynamic control of reactor power level, which can significantly improve commercial relevance of MSR designs, and correspondingly reduce investment risk. One of the Xenon removal methods is inertial gas sparging, which has been roughly investigated during the Molten Salt Reactor Experiment. The current research is an effort to further develop this method, with the help of computational fluid dynamics techniques. Eulerian-Eulerian two fluid model coupled with species transportation is chosen in the simulation. Simulation results with different material properties and boundary conditions are compared with each other. According to the research, high gas flow rate and high molten salt temperature have a positive effect to the Xenon removal process. However, further experiment data and better modelling of closure laws are needed for the design of a Xenon removal device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages3931-3944
Number of pages14
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019 - Portland, United States
Duration: Aug 18 2019Aug 23 2019

Conference

Conference18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019
CountryUnited States
CityPortland
Period8/18/198/23/19

Fingerprint

molten salts
Xenon
charge flow devices
Bubbles (in fluids)
xenon
Helium
Molten materials
Computational fluid dynamics
bubbles
helium
Salts
reactor design
closure law
simulation
power reactors
dynamic control
two fluid models
fission products
Fission products
computational fluid dynamics

Keywords

  • CFD
  • Sparging
  • Species Transportation
  • Two-phase flow
  • Xenon Removal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Chen, J., & Brooks, C. S. (2019). CFD simulation of xenon removal by helium bubble sparging in molten salt. 3931-3944. Paper presented at 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019, Portland, United States.

CFD simulation of xenon removal by helium bubble sparging in molten salt. / Chen, Jiaqi; Brooks, Caleb S.

2019. 3931-3944 Paper presented at 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019, Portland, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Chen, J & Brooks, CS 2019, 'CFD simulation of xenon removal by helium bubble sparging in molten salt' Paper presented at 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019, Portland, United States, 8/18/19 - 8/23/19, pp. 3931-3944.
Chen J, Brooks CS. CFD simulation of xenon removal by helium bubble sparging in molten salt. 2019. Paper presented at 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019, Portland, United States.
Chen, Jiaqi ; Brooks, Caleb S. / CFD simulation of xenon removal by helium bubble sparging in molten salt. Paper presented at 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, NURETH 2019, Portland, United States.14 p.
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