Cerebellar Contributions to Motor Impairments in People with Multiple Sclerosis

Alexandra C. Fietsam, Warren G. Darling, Jacob J. Sosnoff, Craig D. Workman, John Kamholz, Thorsten Rudroff

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Although Charcot characterized classic cerebellar symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) in 1877, the impact of cerebellar dysfunction on MS symptoms has predominately been evaluated in the last two decades. Recent studies have clearly demonstrated the association between cerebellar pathology, including atrophy and reduced fractional anisotropy in the peduncles, and motor impairments, such as reduced gait velocity and time to complete walking tasks. However, future studies using novel imaging techniques are needed to elucidate all potential pathophysiology that is associated with disability in PwMS. Additionally, future studies are required to determine the most effective treatments for motor impairments in PwMS, including the specific type and duration of exercise interventions, and potential means to amplify their effects, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). This mini-review critically discusses the distinct role of cerebellar dysfunction in motor impairments in PwMS, potential treatments, and directions for future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCerebellum
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cerebellum
  • Motor impairments
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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