Centrifugal forces enable band gaps that self-adapt to synchronous vibrations in rotating elastic metamaterial

Ignacio Arretche, Kathryn H. Matlack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The rotation of mechanical systems can greatly change their modal and wave propagation response. In the classic example of the Foucault pendulum, the Coriolis force from the Earth's rotation causes the pendulum path to appear deflected to an observer on Earth. More recently, Coriolis forces and gyroscopic effects from rotation have been shown to break time-reversal symmetry, induce non-reciprocity, and change the band structure of phononic crystals. However, rotation also introduces centrifugal forces that can considerably affect the vibration response through stress stiffening and spin softening effects. Although this is well studied in the field of rotor dynamics, the effects of centrifugal forces on the dynamic behavior of acoustic metamaterials (AMs) are still unexplored. In this paper, we study the dependence of torsional band gaps on rotational speed in a rotating shaft with attached local resonances. Different from previous studies, we explicitly consider the effects of stress stiffening in local resonances by introducing a stress stiffening function in a reduced order model of the rotating AM. We then calculate the stress stiffening function for beam-tip-mass resonators and show that these resonators have a resonant frequency that scales linearly with the rotational speed in the asymptotic limit, which in turn causes the band gaps of the AM to depend linearly on the rotational speed. Motivated by the presence of synchronous vibrations in rotating machinery, in which frequency is also linearly dependent on rotational speed, we show that this rotating AM supports band gaps that self-adjust to the synchronous vibration frequency, resulting in attenuation over a wide range of frequencies and thus rotational speeds. Finally, we validate the reduced order model of the rotating AM using 3D finite element analysis. This work contributes a foundational understanding of the effects of rotation in AMs and builds a connection between the AM and rotor dynamics communities, with the potential to introduce novel vibration control in rotor dynamics problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110689
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
StatePublished - Nov 1 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Band gaps
  • Rotor dynamics
  • Synchronous vibrations
  • Torsional vibrations
  • Tunable metamaterials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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