Causes of caregiver turnover and the potential effectiveness of wage subsidies for solving the long-term care workforce 'crisis'

Elizabeth T Powers, Nicholas J. Powersy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Detailed data on private providers of long-term community-based residential services for persons with developmental disabilities permit investigation of the causes of frontline worker turnover. The endogeneity of turnover with compensation variables is accounted for in the estimation using instrumental variables. Turnover is determined by resident characteristics, frontlineworker compensation, and establishment characteristics. The share of higher-need residents and agency size predict higher turnover, while compensation and non-profit status are associated with lower turnover. Our findings indicate that public policies to reduce turnover through compensation subsidization can be effective. Our preferred estimates suggest an approximate one-quarter increase in total compensation would cut turnover by one-third.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
JournalContributions to Economic Analysis and Policy
Volume10
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 18 2010

Keywords

  • Long-term care
  • Medicaid
  • Turnover
  • Wages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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