Causal Attributions, Causal Dimensions, and Affective Reactions to Success and Failure

Dan Russell, Edward McAuley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous research has indicated that two different aspects of causal attribution processes, causal attributions and causal dimensions, are determinants of affective reactions to success and failure. Three different models of the relation between these two components of attribution processes and affective reactions are proposed. These models were empirically tested in two studies. Study 1 used an experimental methodology requiring subjects to imagine themselves in different achievement situations, whereas Study 2 involved affective reactions to performance on a midterm examination. Results from these studies indicated that causal attributions and causal dimensions had joint and independent effects on affective reactions to success and failure. The implications of these findings for a theoretical model of the relation between attribution processes and affect are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1174-1185
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Causal Attributions, Causal Dimensions, and Affective Reactions to Success and Failure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this