The catalytic transformation of a C(sp3)-H bond to a C(sp3)-C bond via an iron carbene intermediate represents a long-standing challenge. Despite the success of enzymatic and small molecule iron catalysts mediating challenging C(sp3)-H oxidations and aminations via high-valent iron oxos and nitrenes, C(sp3)-H alkylations via isoelectronic iron carbene intermediates have thus far been unsuccessful. Iron carbenes have been inert, or shown to favor olefin cyclopropanation and heteroatom-hydrogen insertion. Herein we report an iron phthalocyanine-catalyzed alkylation of allylic and benzylic C(sp3)-H bonds. Mechanistic investigations support that an electrophilic iron carbene mediates homolytic C-H cleavage and rebounds from the resulting organoiron intermediate to form the C-C bond; both steps are tunable via catalyst modifications. These studies suggest that for iron carbenes, distinct from other late metal carbenes, C-H cleavage is partially rate-determining and must be promoted to effect reactivity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|State||Published - Oct 4 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry