Catalytic characterization and cytokine mediated regulation of cytochrome P450 4Fs in rat hepatocytes

Auinash Kalsotra, Sayeepriyadarshini Anakk, Chad L. Brommer, Yasushi Kikuta, Edward T. Morgan, Henry W. Strobel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4F mediated leukotriene B4 (LTB4) metabolism modulates inflammation during injury and infection. Here we show that in addition to LTB4, the recombinant rat CYP4Fs catalyze ω-hydroxylations of lipoxin A4, and hydroxyeicosatetraeonic acids. CYP4F gene regulation studies in primary hepatocytes reveal that pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL) -1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -α produce a general inductive response whereas IL-10, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, suppresses CYP4F expression. The molecular mechanism behind IL-6 related induction of CYP4F4 and 4F5 is partially signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) dependent. When hepatocytes are subjected to high concentrations of LTB4 or prostaglandin E2, lipid mediators of inflammation, only an increase in CYP4F5 mRNA expression is observed. Collectively, the results from isozyme activity and substrate driven CYP4F induction do not support the notion that an autoregulatory pathway could control the excessive concentrations of LTB4 during an inflammatory challenge to hepatocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-112
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume461
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytochrome P450 4F
  • Cytokines
  • Eicosanoids
  • Inflammation
  • Interleukin-6
  • Leukotriene B
  • STAT3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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