Catalytic and receptor-binding properties of the calcium-sensitive phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C) in swine luteal cytosol

Matthew B. Wheeler, Johannes D. Veldhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have evaluated the catalytic and receptor-binding properties of protein kinase C in swine luteal cytosol using two complementary approaches: (1) assay of catalytic activity assessed as the enzymatic transfer of radiolabeled phosphate to histone III-s acceptor protein in the presence of specific phospholipid, diacylglycerol, or phorbol ester and ionic calcium; and, (2) the high-affinity binding of [3H]phorbol-12, 13-dibutyrate ([3H]PDB) to the protein kinase C receptor. Catalytic properties of pig luteal protein kinase C included: absolute dependence on calcium ions for maximal activation (approximate ka = 0.5 μM); synergistic activation by 1,2-sn-diolein, phospholipid and calcium ions; and rank order of specific phospholipid activational potency: phosphatidylserine > phosphatidic acid > phosphatidylinositol > phosphatidylethanolamine > phosphatidylcholine. The enzyme was also activated by specific phorbol esters at the following half-maximally effective (ED50) concentrations: 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) 11 nM; phorbol-12,13-dibenzoate (PDBe) 26 nM; phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) 33 nM; mezerein 65 nM; and phorbol-12,13-diacetate (PDA) 130 nM. Phorbol-ester receptor properties of protein kinase C included specific, high-affinity (kd {reversed tilde equals}19 nM), saturable, low-capacity ({reversed tilde equals}44 pmol/mg protein) [3H]PDB binding sites. Moreover, the rank order of the equilibrium binding ID50s for various phorbol compounds was similar to that of catalytic ED50s: viz. 3 nM TPA; 8 nM PDBe; 16 nM PDBu; 19 nM mezerein; and 590 nM PDA. Thus, swine luteal cytosol contains catalytically active protein kinase C with specific phospholipid sensitivity, synergistic activation by diacylglycerol, phospholipid and calcium, and a strict dependence on ionic calcium concentrations that is influenced markedly by the presence of diacylglycerol. In addition, catalytic activity is associated with high-affinity, specific phorbol ester-binding properties that correspond closely to the activational characteristics of this enzyme in this target organ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Mar 1987
Externally publishedYes


  • (Swine)
  • Catalytic property
  • Luteal cytosol
  • Protein kinase C
  • Receptor binding property

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology


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