Casein Kinase II (CK2) is a ubiquitous serine/threonine kinase that is highly conserved in eukaryotic cells. CK2 has been shown to impact cell growth and proliferation, as numerous growth-related proteins are substrates of CK2. More importantly, experimental evidence linking increased expression and activity of CK2 to human cancers underscores the relevance of CK2 biology to cellular transformation and carcinogenesis. Due to the critical regulatory role CK2 plays in cell fate determination in cancer cells, there is a tremendous interest in the development of CK2-specific therapies. Supporting this, recent reports have demonstrated that genetic manipulation of CK2 expression as well as pharmacological inhibition of its enzymatic activity sensitizes cancers to apoptotic stimuli. Here we provide a succinct account of the biology of CK2, its cellular substrates, its pro-survival and pro-proliferation activity, and highlight evidence for its involvement in human cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology|
|State||Published - Oct 2010|
- Protein Kinase CK2
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology