Case study: Application of the HEC-6 model for the main stem of the Kankakee River in Illinois

Nani G. Bhowmik, Tsai Christina, Paminder Parmar, Misganaw Demissie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This case study paper presents results on the application of the HEC-6 model to the main stem of the Kankakee River in Illinois, a distance of about 39.3 km. Modeling was performed to develop comprehensive plans for enhancing the aquatic habitats and also to forecast future sedimentation problems if specific management practices are implemented. The paper concentrates on the modeling aspects of this research. The extent of the model was from the Stateline Bridge to Kankakee Dam in Kankakee. The HEC-6 model, originally developed by the Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC) of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, was adapted for this application. The model was run, calibrated, and verified for both the hydraulic and sediment components. The hydraulic component was calibrated through comparison of measured yearly hydrographs with computed values for three gauging stations on the river. The hydrologic component was verified for the same three gauging stations for two yearly hydrographs for 2 additional water years. The sediment component was calibrated with river cross-sectional data collected by the Illinois State Water Survey in 1980 and 1999. The calibrated and verified hydraulic and calibrated sediment components then were used to predict future changes in water surface elevations and thalweg elevations for a 20-year period beginning in 1999, the last date for which river cross-sectional data are available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-366
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008


  • Hydraulics
  • Illinois' case reports
  • Mathematical models
  • Rivers
  • Sediment transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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