CAR/PXR provides directives for Cyp3a41 gene regulation differently from Cyp3a11

S. Anakk, A. Kalsotra, Y. Kikuta, W. Huang, J. Zhang, J. L. Staudinger, D. D. Moore, Henry W. Strobel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study reports that Cyp3a41 gene contains 13 exons and is localized on the chromosome 5. CYP3A41 is a female-specific isoform that is predominantly expressed in the liver. Estrogen signaling is not responsible for its female specificity. CYP3A41 expression in kidney and brain is observed only in 50% of mice examined. PXR mediates dexamethasone-dependent suppression of CYP3A41. In contrast to CYP3A11, CYP3A41 expression is not induced by pregnenolone-16α-carbonitrile (PCN) in wild-type mice, but is significantly suppressed by PCN in PXR-/- mice. Phenobarbital and TCPOBOP induce CYP3A11 expression only in the presence of CAR, but have no effect on CYP3A41 expression. Immunoblot and erythromycin demethylase activity analysis reveal robust CYP3A induction after PCN treatment, which is poorly correlated to CYP3A41. These findings suggest a differential role for CAR/PXR in regulating individual CYP3A isoforms by previously characterized CYP3A inducers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-101
Number of pages11
JournalPharmacogenomics Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • CAR
  • Cytochrome P450 3As
  • Gender differences
  • PXR
  • Xenobiotic metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology


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