Career optimism: THE roles of contextual support and career decision-making self-efficacy

Patrick Raymund James M. Garcia, Simon Lloyd D. Restubog, Prashant Bordia, Sarbari Bordia, Rachel Edita O. Roxas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Drawing from the social cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986), we examined the role of parental support, teacher support, and career decision-making self-efficacy as sources of career optimism. We tested our proposed model using 235 computer science majors from a large university in the Philippines. Surveys were conducted over two measurement periods (1. year apart). Results revealed that Time 1 parental and teacher support were positively associated with Time 2 career optimism. Furthermore, we found that these direct relationships were fully mediated by Time 1 career decision-making self-efficacy. These results remained significant even after controlling for neuroticism and past performance. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Career decision-making self-efficacy
  • Career optimism
  • Parental support
  • Social cognitive theory
  • Teacher support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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