Carbostyril derivatives as antenna molecules for luminescent lanthanide chelates

Pinghua Ge, Paul R. Selvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Luminescent lanthanide complexes consisting of a lanthanide-binding chelate and organic-based antenna molecule have unusual emission properties, including millisecond excited state lifetimes and sharply spiked spectra, compared to standard organic fluorophores. We have previously used carbostyril (cs124, 7-amino-4-methyl-2(1H)-quinolinone) as an antenna molecule (Li and Selvin, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995) attached to a polyaminocarboxylate chelate such as DTPA. Here, we report the chelate syntheses of DTPA conjugated with cs124 derivatives substituted on the 1-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, and 8-position. Among them, the DTPA chelate of cs 124-6-SO3H has similar lifetime and brightness for both Tb3+ and Eu3+ compared to the corresponding DTPA-cs124 complexes, yet it is significantly more soluble in water. The Tb3+ complex of DTPA-cs124-8-CH3 has significantly longer lifetime compared to DTPA-cs124 (1.74 vs 1.5 ms), indicating higher lanthanide quantum yield resulting from the elimination of back emission energy transfer from Tb3+ to the antenna molecule. Thiol-reactive forms of chelates were made for coupling to proteins. These lanthanide complexes are anticipated to be useful in a variety of fluorescence-based bioassays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1088-1094
Number of pages7
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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