Carbon-hydrogen bond activation and cyclodehydrogenation reactions of cyclic C8 hydrocarbons on Pt(111)

William L. Manner, Lawrence H. Dubois, Gregory S. Girolami, Ralph G. Nuzzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The mechanisms of the thermolytic decomposition of a series of unsaturated cyclic C8 hydrocarbons adsorbed on a platinum(111) single crystal surface are described. This study both confirms and extends the results reported by Frei and Campbell which corrected errors in an earlier report from our laboratory on the mechanisms of thermal decomposition seen in this adsorbate system. We find that the dehydrocyclization of cyclooctene, cyclooctadiene (1,3 and 1,5 isomers), and cyclooctatetraene on Pt(111) proceeds through a related set of intermediates and ultimately yields a novel surface-bound bicyclic ring system. As noted by Frei et al., our earlier finding that benzene is produced in high yield is incorrect. The spectroscopic evidence reported here demonstrates that all four of the cyclic C8 hydrocarbons form a bicyclo[3.3.0]octenyl (or, as more commonly named, a pentalenyl) intermediate of stoichiometry C8H6. This bicyclic ring system forms via a dehydrocyclization of cyclooctatetraene, which itself is formed in varying yields from each of the less-unsaturated c-C8 adsorbates. The formation of the pentalenyl species proceeds at low temperatures (<375 K). Data from reflection-absorption infrared (RAIRS) and temperature-programmed reaction spectroscopies show that the pentalenyl intermediate is remarkably stable, persisting on the surface up to at least 450 K. At temperatures above 450 K, this intermediate fragments, liberating hydrogen, and leaving a carbonaceous overlayer. The formation of cyclooctatetraene, and thus the pentalenyl intermediate, proceeds with the highest efficiency for the two dienes and lowest for cyclooctane and cis-cyclooctene. RAIRS data further serve to identify several intermediates formed along the reaction pathway leading to the platinum-bound C8H6 species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2391-2402
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume102
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 26 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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