Carbon-coated-glass-fiber-reinforced cement composites: I, fiber pushout and interfacial properties

Chao M. Huang, Dong Zhu, Xiang Dong Cong, Waltraud M. Kriven, Roland R. Loh, Jianzhong Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Interfacial mechanical properties of carbon-coated-S-glass-fiber-reinforced cement were characterized by a fiber pushout technique. The pushout experiments were conducted on model composites, where the S-glass monofilaments with and without carbon coating were unidirectionally embedded in ordinary portland cement. Interfacial properties, including bonding strength, frictional stress, residual stress, and fracture energy, were extracted from the previously developed progressive debonding model. The composite with a carbon interface exhibited a weaker interfacial bonding strength and frictional stress than did the composite without a carbon interface. The interfacial fracture energy of the composite with a carbon interface was 7.9 J/m2, as compared to 47.6 J/m2 for the composite without a carbon interface. The composite with the carbon interface exhibited a smaller residual clamping stress (18 MPa), in comparison to that for the composite without a carbon interface (69 MPa). Scanning electron microscopy observations indicated that the filament without a carbon coating was significantly attacked by the alkaline environment and was strongly bonded onto the matrix, whereas the filament with a carbon coating remained intact under the same curing conditions. These studies suggest that carbon coating provides the glass fiber with significantly improved corrosion resistance to alkali in the cement environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2326-2332
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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