Carbohydrate Nutrition and the Risk of Cancer

Christian A. Maino Vieytes, Hania M. Taha, Amirah A. Burton-Obanla, Katherine G. Douglas, Anna E. Arthur

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: This review summarizes a selection of epidemiologic research assessing the associations between carbohydrate intake and cancer incidence and survival. Evidence for plausible biological mechanisms is also considered. Recent Findings: The mechanistic paradigm explaining the relationship between carbohydrates and cancer risk has been contested by numerous observational studies. Summary: Carbohydrates have conventionally been ascribed a deleterious role in the field of cancer research due to previous preclinical findings. A breadth of studies suggests that complex carbohydrate intake is inversely associated with risk of a number of cancer types. Data from studies assessing simple carbohydrates and cancer risk are mixed. Furthermore, recommendations for subsequent studies are framed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-239
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Nutrition Reports
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2019

Keywords

  • Cancer prevention
  • Cancer survival
  • Diet
  • Epidemiological studies
  • Fiber
  • Glycemic index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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