Can Local Probes Go Global? A Joint Experiment-Simulation Analysis of λ6-85 Folding

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The process of protein folding is known to involve global motions in a cooperative affair; the structure of most of the protein sequences is gained or lost over a narrow range of temperature, denaturant, or pressure perturbations. At the same time, recent simulations and experiments reveal a complex structural landscape with a rich set of local motions and conformational changes. We couple experimental kinetic and thermodynamic measurements with specifically tailored analysis of simulation data to isolate local versus global folding probes. We find that local probes exhibit lower melting temperatures, smaller surface area changes, and faster kinetics compared to global ones. We also see that certain local probes of folding match the global behavior more closely than others. Our work highlights the importance of using multiple probes to fully characterize protein folding dynamics by theory and experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1960-1965
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 2 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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