Can integrating wildlife and livestock enhance ecosystem services in central Kenya?

Brian F. Allan, Heather Tallis, Rebecca Chaplin-Kramer, Steven Huckett, Virginia A. Kowal, Jessica Musengezi, Sharon Okanga, Richard S. Ostfeld, Jennifer Schieltz, Charles M. Warui, Spencer A. Wood, Felicia Keesing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Because wildlife and livestock compete for grazing resources, biodiversity conservation and livestock ranching typically have been portrayed as conflicting uses of African savannas. Here, we offer an alternative perspective by describing a savanna ecosystem in central Kenya where wildlife and livestock exhibit a suite of potential positive interactions. For example, treating livestock with an acaricide offers the unintended benefit of removing ticks from the landscape, a result that has now been shown to occur at both large and small scales. When humans derive financial benefits both from wildlife (through tourism) and from livestock (through food production), they may achieve greater economic stability than when income is derived solely from one source. The integrated management of wildlife and livestock can simultaneously improve human health and wildlife conservation. Optimization of human and wildlife benefits will require the management of ecological and socioeconomic trade-offs when conflicts occur between stakeholders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-335
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology


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