Can carbonation depth be measured in a nondestructive way? High-frequency quantitative ultrasound imaging for cement paste

Seungo Baek, Hyeong Ki Kim, Michael L. Oelze, Gun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Determining the carbonation depth is of paramount importance in assessing the durability of cementitious materials as the carbonation process alters their near-surface physicochemical properties. This paper introduces a novel quantitative ultrasound (QUS) technique capable of nondestructively identifying the carbonation depth, regardless of the tortuosity of the carbonation front. A 2.5 MHz phased array transducer was employed to construct beamformed radio frequency images and measure two microstructure-dependent parameters – spectral slope (SS) and spectral intercept (SI) – based on backscatter and attenuation coefficients. The change in obtained SS and SI were then visualized as QUS images, which displayed the geometry of the carbonation front, correlating with images constructed using a phenolphthalein solution (1.6 mm difference in depth). Mineral compositions and porosities were analyzed to account for microstructural changes in each layer. This study opens an opportunity for nondestructive detection of carbonation depth, overcoming the limitations in conventional methods or regression-based approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107519
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume180
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CaCO (D)
  • Carbonation (C)
  • Cement paste (A)
  • Image analysis (B)
  • Quantitative ultrasound imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science

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