Can an old dog learn (and want to experience) new tricks? Cognitive training increases openness to experience in older adults

Joshua J. Jackson, Patrick L. Hill, Brennan R. Payne, Brent W. Roberts, Elizabeth A.L. Stine-Morrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study investigated whether an intervention aimed to increase cognitive ability in older adults also changes the personality trait of openness to experience. Older adults completed a 16-week program in inductive reasoning training supplemented by weekly crossword and Sudoku puzzles. Changes in openness to experience were modeled across four assessments over 30 weeks using latent growth curve models. Results indicate that participants in the intervention condition increased in the trait of openness compared with a waitlist control group. The study is one of the first to demonstrate that personality traits can change through nonpsychopharmocological interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-292
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology and aging
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Inductive reasoning
  • Openness to experience
  • Personality
  • Personality development
  • Training intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Social Psychology

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