Calliope-Net: Automatic Generation of Graph Data Facts via Annotated Node-Link Diagrams

Qing Chen, Nan Chen, Wei Shuai, Guande Wu, Zhe Xu, Hanghang Tong, Nan Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Graph or network data are widely studied in both data mining and visualization communities to review the relationship among different entities and groups. The data facts derived from graph visual analysis are important to help understand the social structures of complex data, especially for data journalism. However, it is challenging for data journalists to discover graph data facts and manually organize correlated facts around a meaningful topic due to the complexity of graph data and the difficulty to interpret graph narratives. Therefore, we present an automatic graph facts generation system, Calliope-Net, which consists of a fact discovery module, a fact organization module, and a visualization module. It creates annotated node-link diagrams with facts automatically discovered and organized from network data. A novel layout algorithm is designed to present meaningful and visually appealing annotated graphs. We evaluate the proposed system with two case studies and an in-lab user study. The results show that Calliope-Net can benefit users in discovering and understanding graph data facts with visually pleasing annotated visualizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-572
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024


  • Application Motivated Visualization
  • Authoring Tools
  • Automatic Visualization
  • Graph Data
  • Narrative Visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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