Calderón preconditioned PMCHWT equations for analyzing penetrable objects in layered medium

Yongpin P. Chen, Lijun Jiang, Sheng Sun, Weng Cho Chew, Jun Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study Calderón preconditioners for analyzing electromagnetic scattering by penetrable objects in a layered medium. To account for the scattering effects of the multilayered background, the layered medium Green's function is adopted in the Poggio-Miller-Chang-Harrington-Wu-Tsai (PMCHWT) method. However, similar to the free-space case, the spectrum of the resulting equation is undesirable. This leads to a slow convergence of an iterative solver, especially when the geometry is densely meshed. To improve the convergence, a highly effective preconditioner is proposed. Different from its free-space counterpart, the preconditioning operator is constructed based on the Calderón identities for inhomogeneous medium. To reduce the relatively high construction cost of the preconditioning operator, several alternative simplified schemes are proposed and analyzed. Finally, the performances of different preconditioners are examined and compared carefully through different numerical examples. It is shown that the convergence of the PMCHWT system in a layered medium can be significantly improved by using the proposed Calderón preconditioners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6880313
Pages (from-to)5619-5627
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014


  • Calderón preconditioner
  • Poggio-Miller-Chang-Harrington-Wu-Tsai (PMCHWT) equation
  • layered medium Green's function
  • method of moments
  • penetrable objects
  • surface integral equations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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