Calcium oxide based sorbents for adsorption of CO2 at high temperatures

Hong Lu, Ettireddy P. Reddy, Panagiotis Smirniotis

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Ca(NO3)2·4H2O, CaO, Ca(OH) 2, CaCO3, and Ca(CH3COO)2 ·H2O were used as precursors for synthesis of calcium oxide sorbents of CO2. Calcium acetate based sorbents resulted in the best adsorption performance of CO2. In a wide operation window of 600-800°C, this sorbent has shown high adsorption of CO2 90% of which were achieved at the first 15 minutes of adsorption period. Calcium acetate based sorbents also showed great regenerability in multi adsorption-desorption cycles. After 25 cyclic adsorptions/desorption, the sorbent still had a conversion of 64% during adsorption of CO2. High conversion and good regenerability of calcium acetate based sorbents are attributed to relatively large volume of mesopores and macropores produced during multi steps decomposition of synthesis. Sorbents from other precursors showed poorer performance since they had smaller pores, less pore volume and lower BET surface area. These high performance calcium oxide sorbents have great potential for numerous high temperature applications such as fuel cells, carbon sequestration, novel reactors, and coal gasification etc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
Event05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: Oct 30 2005Nov 4 2005


Other05AIChE: 2005 AIChE Annual Meeting and Fall Showcase
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCincinnati, OH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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