Bromine-catalyzed conversion of CO2 and epoxides to cyclic carbonates under continuous flow conditions

Jennifer A. Kozak, Jie Wu, Xiao Su, Fritz Simeon, T. Alan Hatton, Timothy F. Jamison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A continuous method for the formation of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and carbon dioxide (CO2) is described. The catalysts used are inexpensive and effective in converting the reagents to the products in a residence time (tR) of 30 min. The cyclic carbonate products are obtained in good to excellent yield (51-92%). On the basis of a series of kinetics experiments, we propose a reaction mechanism involving epoxide activation by electrophilic bromine and CO2 activation by an amide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18497-18501
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume135
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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