Bridged bicyclic cores containing a 1,1-diarylethylene motif are high-affinity subtype-selective ligands for the estrogen receptor

Rajeev S. Muthyala, Shubin Sheng, Kathryn E. Carlson, Benita S. Katzenellenbogen, John A. Katzenellenbogen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The actions of estrogens are mediated through the two estrogen receptors, ERα and ERβ. Compounds that interact selectively with ERα or ERβ are of interest because they could be used to explore the biological roles of these ER subtypes and they might be interesting estrogen pharmaceuticals. In a new approach to develop ER subtype-selective ligands, we have embellished the 1,1-diarylethylene motif, common to many nonsteroidal estrogens, with various bridged bicyclic or tricyclic cores, including ones based on bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane, bicyclo[2.2.1]-heptane, and selected bi- and tricyclic terpenoids. This design leads to three-dimensional ER ligands of unusual structure that we have used to probe the size and shape of the ligand binding pocket of ERα and ERβ. Many of these compounds have high binding affinities, with the best having a bicyclo[3.3.1]nonane core and binding 3-5 times better than estradiol to both ER subtypes. Some of the compounds show significant affinity selectivity in favor of ERβ (4- to 5-fold), and in cell-based assays for transcriptional activity most are partial agonists on ERα and full antagonists on ERβ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1589-1602
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 24 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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