Breast cancer: incidence, mortality, and early detection in Louisiana, 1988-1997.

X. C. Wu, P. A. Andrews, C. N. Correa, B. A. Schmidt, M. N. Ahmed, V. W. Chen, E. T. Fontham

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among Louisiana women. The incidence data from Louisiana Tumor Registry were used to calculate breast cancer incidence rates, which were compared with the combined rates from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program. Breast cancer mortality rates for Louisiana were compared with the US death rates from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Our data revealed that Louisiana women were not at a higher risk for developing breast cancer than women in the SEER areas, but that mortality rates in Louisiana were not correspondingly low. Although the percentage of cases diagnosed at an early stage (in situ and localized) increased in Louisiana from 1988 through 1997, the average in Louisiana was still below the level for the SEER areas (65.9% and 71.6%) in 1993-1997. The rates of in situ breast cancer significantly increased (on average 5.3% for whites per year and 7.1% for blacks), and localized breast cancer also significantly increased (2.6% for whites and 2.5% for blacks), while the incidence of distant stage breast cancer significantly decreased (3.4% for whites and 2.0% for blacks). Compared with white women, black women still were less likely to be diagnosed with early stage breast cancer in 1993-1997 (56.4% and 68.9%). Women residing in the parishes with high percentages of persons in poverty were less likely to be diagnosed with early stage of disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-209
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society : official organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Volume153
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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