Quantum capacities are fundamental quantities that are notoriously hard to compute and can exhibit surprising properties such as superadditivity. Thus a vast amount of literature is devoted to finding close and computable bounds on these capacities. We add a new viewpoint by giving operationally motivated bounds on several capacities, including the quantum capacity and private capacity of a channel and the one-way distillable entanglement and private key of a bipartite state. Our bounds themselves are generally given by certain capacities of the complementary channel or state. As a tool to obtain these bounds we discuss partial orders on quantum channels, such as the less noisy and the more capable order. Our bounds help to further understand the interplay between different capacities and give operational limitations on superadditivity properties and the difference between capacities. They can also be used as a new approach towards numerically bounding capacities, as discussed with some examples.