Both sides get the point: Hemispheric sensitivities to sentential constraint

Kara D Federmeier, Heinke Mai, Marta Kutas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Behavioral studies have consistently reported striking differences in the impact of sentence-level information on the processing of words presented in the right (RVF) versus the left (LVF) visual field, with context effects apparent only for RVF items. The consistent lack of such effects in the LVF has been taken to mean that right hemisphere language comprehension is largely insensitive to message-level meaning. We used the functional specificity afforded by event-related potential measures to assess this claim. Target words completing strongly and weakly constraining sentence contexts, in which constraint arose at the sentence level rather than from lexical associations, were presented laterally in the LVF or RVF. Increased constraint significantly reduced N400 amplitudes with presentation in both VFs, with no differences in the timing or amplitude of these effects. These results are inconsistent with the view that the VF asymmetries found in behavioral measures reflect differential hemispheric capacities at the level of semantic analysis and integration, although VF-based differences on earlier components (P2) suggest asymmetries in the impact of sentential context on perceptual aspects of word processing in the two hemispheres.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)871-886
Number of pages16
JournalMemory and Cognition
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005

Fingerprint

Word Processing
Visual Fields
Automatic Data Processing
Evoked Potentials
Semantics
Language
Asymmetry
Language Comprehension
Visual Field
Context Effects
Semantic Analysis
Hemisphere
Sentential Context
Event-related Potentials
Right Hemisphere
Specificity
Sentence Context

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Both sides get the point : Hemispheric sensitivities to sentential constraint. / Federmeier, Kara D; Mai, Heinke; Kutas, Marta.

In: Memory and Cognition, Vol. 33, No. 5, 01.01.2005, p. 871-886.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1c2a04d1e59f4a6fb9152177c73e2b0f,
title = "Both sides get the point: Hemispheric sensitivities to sentential constraint",
abstract = "Behavioral studies have consistently reported striking differences in the impact of sentence-level information on the processing of words presented in the right (RVF) versus the left (LVF) visual field, with context effects apparent only for RVF items. The consistent lack of such effects in the LVF has been taken to mean that right hemisphere language comprehension is largely insensitive to message-level meaning. We used the functional specificity afforded by event-related potential measures to assess this claim. Target words completing strongly and weakly constraining sentence contexts, in which constraint arose at the sentence level rather than from lexical associations, were presented laterally in the LVF or RVF. Increased constraint significantly reduced N400 amplitudes with presentation in both VFs, with no differences in the timing or amplitude of these effects. These results are inconsistent with the view that the VF asymmetries found in behavioral measures reflect differential hemispheric capacities at the level of semantic analysis and integration, although VF-based differences on earlier components (P2) suggest asymmetries in the impact of sentential context on perceptual aspects of word processing in the two hemispheres.",
author = "Federmeier, {Kara D} and Heinke Mai and Marta Kutas",
year = "2005",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3758/BF03193082",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "871--886",
journal = "Memory and Cognition",
issn = "0090-502X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Both sides get the point

T2 - Hemispheric sensitivities to sentential constraint

AU - Federmeier, Kara D

AU - Mai, Heinke

AU - Kutas, Marta

PY - 2005/1/1

Y1 - 2005/1/1

N2 - Behavioral studies have consistently reported striking differences in the impact of sentence-level information on the processing of words presented in the right (RVF) versus the left (LVF) visual field, with context effects apparent only for RVF items. The consistent lack of such effects in the LVF has been taken to mean that right hemisphere language comprehension is largely insensitive to message-level meaning. We used the functional specificity afforded by event-related potential measures to assess this claim. Target words completing strongly and weakly constraining sentence contexts, in which constraint arose at the sentence level rather than from lexical associations, were presented laterally in the LVF or RVF. Increased constraint significantly reduced N400 amplitudes with presentation in both VFs, with no differences in the timing or amplitude of these effects. These results are inconsistent with the view that the VF asymmetries found in behavioral measures reflect differential hemispheric capacities at the level of semantic analysis and integration, although VF-based differences on earlier components (P2) suggest asymmetries in the impact of sentential context on perceptual aspects of word processing in the two hemispheres.

AB - Behavioral studies have consistently reported striking differences in the impact of sentence-level information on the processing of words presented in the right (RVF) versus the left (LVF) visual field, with context effects apparent only for RVF items. The consistent lack of such effects in the LVF has been taken to mean that right hemisphere language comprehension is largely insensitive to message-level meaning. We used the functional specificity afforded by event-related potential measures to assess this claim. Target words completing strongly and weakly constraining sentence contexts, in which constraint arose at the sentence level rather than from lexical associations, were presented laterally in the LVF or RVF. Increased constraint significantly reduced N400 amplitudes with presentation in both VFs, with no differences in the timing or amplitude of these effects. These results are inconsistent with the view that the VF asymmetries found in behavioral measures reflect differential hemispheric capacities at the level of semantic analysis and integration, although VF-based differences on earlier components (P2) suggest asymmetries in the impact of sentential context on perceptual aspects of word processing in the two hemispheres.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33644873473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33644873473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/BF03193082

DO - 10.3758/BF03193082

M3 - Article

C2 - 16383175

AN - SCOPUS:33644873473

VL - 33

SP - 871

EP - 886

JO - Memory and Cognition

JF - Memory and Cognition

SN - 0090-502X

IS - 5

ER -