Bose metal as a disruption of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in 2D superconductors

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Destruction of superconductivity in thin films was thought to be a simple instance of Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless physics in which only two phases exist: a superconductor with algebraic long range order in which the vortices condense and an insulator where the vortex-antivortex pairs proliferate. However, since 1989 this view has been challenged as now a preponderance of experiments indicate that an intervening bosonic metallic state obtains upon the destruction of superconductivity. Two key features of the intervening metallic state are that the resistivity turns on continuously from the zero resistance state as a power law, namely ρBM ∝ (g - gc)α and the Hall conductance appears to vanish. We review here a glassy model which is capable of capturing both of these features. The finite resistance arises from three features. First, the disordered insulator- superconductor transition in the absence of fermionic degrees of freedom (Cooper pairs only), is controlled by a diffusive fixed point 1 rather than the critical point of the clean system. Hence, the relevant physics that generates the Bose metal should arise from a term in the action in which different replicas are mixed. We show explicitly how such physics arises in the phase glass. Second, in 2D (not in 3D) the phase stiffness of the glass phase vanishes explicitly as has been shown in extensive numerical simulations 2{4. Third, bosons moving in such a glassy environment fail to localize as a result of the false minima in the landscape. We calculate the conductivity explicitly using Kubo response and show that it turns on as a power law and has a vanishing Hall response as a result of underlying particle-hole symmetry. We show that when particle-hole symmetry is broken, the Hall conductance turns on with the same power law as does the longitudinal conductance. This prediction can be verified experimentally by applying a ground plane to the 2D samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTopological Phase Transitions and New Developments
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd
Pages114-125
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9789813271340
ISBN (Print)9789813271333
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2018

Fingerprint

metals
physics
destruction
superconductivity
insulators
vortices
glass
replicas
stiffness
broken symmetry
critical point
bosons
degrees of freedom
conductivity
electrical resistivity
symmetry
thin films
predictions
simulation

Keywords

  • 2D superconductivity
  • Bose metal
  • Vortices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Phillips, P. W. (2018). Bose metal as a disruption of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in 2D superconductors. In Topological Phase Transitions and New Developments (pp. 114-125). World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1142/11016

Bose metal as a disruption of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in 2D superconductors. / Phillips, Philip W.

Topological Phase Transitions and New Developments. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd, 2018. p. 114-125.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Phillips, PW 2018, Bose metal as a disruption of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in 2D superconductors. in Topological Phase Transitions and New Developments. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd, pp. 114-125. https://doi.org/10.1142/11016
Phillips PW. Bose metal as a disruption of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in 2D superconductors. In Topological Phase Transitions and New Developments. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd. 2018. p. 114-125 https://doi.org/10.1142/11016
Phillips, Philip W. / Bose metal as a disruption of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in 2D superconductors. Topological Phase Transitions and New Developments. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd, 2018. pp. 114-125
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