Objectives: To compare the ability of N-terminal telopeptide (NTx) assays and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) to detect bone resorption in dogs with nonneoplastic bone lysis and evaluate the correlation between these diagnostic tools. Study Design: Prospective, cross-sectional clinical study. Animals: Dogs (n = 35; 39 femoral heads) that had femoral head and neck ostectomy and 6 cadaver specimens from healthy immature small dogs. Methods: Small dogs with avascular necrosis (n = 12), a reference group of small dogs (7), large dogs with degenerative joint disease (DJD; 10), and large dogs with trauma (10) were studied in addition to 6 femoral heads harvested from 6 small immature and healthy dogs euthanatized for reasons unrelated to this study. Densitometric measurements of femoral heads, urine NTx excretion, and serum NTx concentration were compared between groups. Results: Avascular necrosis resulted in a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) (0.18 ± 0.01 g/cm2; P < .01) of the femoral head and elevation of serum NTx (159.3 ± 59.4 nM; P = .03) compared to small dog controls (0.28 ± 0.02 g/cm2; 18.7 ± 1.83 nM, respectively), but did not seem to affect urine NTx. DJD in large dogs did not seem to affect any of the densitometric parameters evaluated. BMD (P = .03) and serum NTx (P = .04) were lower in small compared to large dogs. Serum NTx and densitometric measurements correlate inversely with each other (P = .001) but neither test correlated with urine NTx (P = .8-.9). Conclusion: Serum NTx levels vary with dog size but seem to correlate better with BMD better than urine NTx excretion in dogs with nonneoplastic bone resorption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-558
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary


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