Bone marrow-derived macrophage expression of endogenous and transfected class II MHC genes during differentiation in vitro

J. K. Pullen, L. B. Schook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

C57BL/6 (H-2b) mice fail to express I-E molecules on the surface of their cells and thus are unable to respond to I-E-restricted antigens such as GLΦ and cytochrome c. Previous experiments in our laboratory have involved developing a system for studying differentiation of bone marrow cells into mature macrophage to gain a better understanding of class II MHC gene expression and function. In this study, we have used this system to transfect the Eα(d) gene (cosmid 17.2) into C57BL/6 bone marrow cells and subsequently observed I-E expression on bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) after differentiation in vitro. By using a modified calcium phosphate protocol, we found that the optimal period for transfection of the bone marrow cells was after 2 days of culture in vitro. By using the anti I-E monoclonal antibody (Ia.7) derived from hybridoma 14-4-4, we detected the I-E molecule on the surface of transfected macrophages by a radiobinding assay and immunoprecipitation. BMDM expressed the I-E product maximally at 5 days of differentiation, and expression then declined. Furthermore, we have found that the expression of the I-E molecule on transfected macrophage was dependent upon exposure to interferon-γ. Expression of I-E molecules was also detected by the generation of an allogeneic response. Transfected BMDM were compared with (CB6)F1 BMDM for their ability to stimulate C57BL/6 T cells and they were found to be equally effective. By using these initial findings, we hope to further optimize the conditions for insertion and expression of class II MHC genes in bone marrow cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1359-1365
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume137
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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