The Blandford-Znajek process, which uses a magnetized plasma to extract energy from a rotating black hole, is one of the leading candidates for powering relativistic jets. In this work, we investigate the Blandford-Znajek process in two well-motivated quadratic gravity theories: scalar Gauss-Bonnet and dynamical Chern-Simons gravity. We solve analytically for a split-monopole magnetosphere to first order in the small-coupling approximation and second relative order in the slow-rotation approximation. The extracted power at fixed spin and magnetic flux is enhanced in scalar Gauss-Bonnet and reduced in dynamical Chern-Simons gravity, compared to general relativity. We find that there is a degeneracy between spin and the coupling constants of the theories at leading order in the slow rotation approximation that is broken at higher orders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)