Black Women and Girls & #MeToo: Rape, Cultural Betrayal, & Healing

Jennifer M. Gómez, Robyn L. Gobin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Created by U.S. Black female activist, Tarana Burke, the #MeToo movement gained popularity in 2017, shedding light on the pervasive sexual harassment and assault of women. Since long before Anita Hill and @RapedAtSpelman, racial trauma has complicated the post-sexual violence landscape for U.S. Black women and girls, which may inhibit their ability to say “me too.” It is within this context of racial trauma that cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) was developed: a new framework for understanding how outcomes of interpersonal trauma, like rape, are impacted by both victim and perpetrator(s) being subjected to inequality. In the present article, racial trauma and its effects on Black Americans is discussed. Then, the collective sense of being in U.S. Black culture, along with the burden placed on Black females, is delineated. Next, CBTT is defined and its empirical support and implications are detailed. Finally, mechanisms to address the interwoven harm of racial trauma and cultural betrayal trauma within institutions (e.g., mental health care) and the community (e.g., in collaboration with the Black church) is elucidated to facilitate healing through #MeToo and beyond.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSex Roles
Volume82
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Fingerprint

Rape
rape
trauma
Wounds and Injuries
Sexual Harassment
Aptitude
sexual harassment
Sex Offenses
assault
sexual violence
popularity
Mental Health
church
mental health
health care
Delivery of Health Care
ability

Keywords

  • #MeToo
  • Black girls
  • Black women
  • Cultural betrayal
  • Racial trauma
  • Rape
  • Sexual assault

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Black Women and Girls & #MeToo : Rape, Cultural Betrayal, & Healing. / Gómez, Jennifer M.; Gobin, Robyn L.

In: Sex Roles, Vol. 82, No. 1-2, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c6886609c6ed40718ce981c7ce6b6825,
title = "Black Women and Girls & #MeToo: Rape, Cultural Betrayal, & Healing",
abstract = "Created by U.S. Black female activist, Tarana Burke, the #MeToo movement gained popularity in 2017, shedding light on the pervasive sexual harassment and assault of women. Since long before Anita Hill and @RapedAtSpelman, racial trauma has complicated the post-sexual violence landscape for U.S. Black women and girls, which may inhibit their ability to say “me too.” It is within this context of racial trauma that cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) was developed: a new framework for understanding how outcomes of interpersonal trauma, like rape, are impacted by both victim and perpetrator(s) being subjected to inequality. In the present article, racial trauma and its effects on Black Americans is discussed. Then, the collective sense of being in U.S. Black culture, along with the burden placed on Black females, is delineated. Next, CBTT is defined and its empirical support and implications are detailed. Finally, mechanisms to address the interwoven harm of racial trauma and cultural betrayal trauma within institutions (e.g., mental health care) and the community (e.g., in collaboration with the Black church) is elucidated to facilitate healing through #MeToo and beyond.",
keywords = "#MeToo, Black girls, Black women, Cultural betrayal, Racial trauma, Rape, Sexual assault",
author = "G{\'o}mez, {Jennifer M.} and Gobin, {Robyn L.}",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11199-019-01040-0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "82",
journal = "Sex Roles: A Journal of Research",
issn = "0360-0025",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Black Women and Girls & #MeToo

T2 - Rape, Cultural Betrayal, & Healing

AU - Gómez, Jennifer M.

AU - Gobin, Robyn L.

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - Created by U.S. Black female activist, Tarana Burke, the #MeToo movement gained popularity in 2017, shedding light on the pervasive sexual harassment and assault of women. Since long before Anita Hill and @RapedAtSpelman, racial trauma has complicated the post-sexual violence landscape for U.S. Black women and girls, which may inhibit their ability to say “me too.” It is within this context of racial trauma that cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) was developed: a new framework for understanding how outcomes of interpersonal trauma, like rape, are impacted by both victim and perpetrator(s) being subjected to inequality. In the present article, racial trauma and its effects on Black Americans is discussed. Then, the collective sense of being in U.S. Black culture, along with the burden placed on Black females, is delineated. Next, CBTT is defined and its empirical support and implications are detailed. Finally, mechanisms to address the interwoven harm of racial trauma and cultural betrayal trauma within institutions (e.g., mental health care) and the community (e.g., in collaboration with the Black church) is elucidated to facilitate healing through #MeToo and beyond.

AB - Created by U.S. Black female activist, Tarana Burke, the #MeToo movement gained popularity in 2017, shedding light on the pervasive sexual harassment and assault of women. Since long before Anita Hill and @RapedAtSpelman, racial trauma has complicated the post-sexual violence landscape for U.S. Black women and girls, which may inhibit their ability to say “me too.” It is within this context of racial trauma that cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) was developed: a new framework for understanding how outcomes of interpersonal trauma, like rape, are impacted by both victim and perpetrator(s) being subjected to inequality. In the present article, racial trauma and its effects on Black Americans is discussed. Then, the collective sense of being in U.S. Black culture, along with the burden placed on Black females, is delineated. Next, CBTT is defined and its empirical support and implications are detailed. Finally, mechanisms to address the interwoven harm of racial trauma and cultural betrayal trauma within institutions (e.g., mental health care) and the community (e.g., in collaboration with the Black church) is elucidated to facilitate healing through #MeToo and beyond.

KW - #MeToo

KW - Black girls

KW - Black women

KW - Cultural betrayal

KW - Racial trauma

KW - Rape

KW - Sexual assault

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065239006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065239006&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11199-019-01040-0

DO - 10.1007/s11199-019-01040-0

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85065239006

VL - 82

JO - Sex Roles: A Journal of Research

JF - Sex Roles: A Journal of Research

SN - 0360-0025

IS - 1-2

ER -