Bisphenol a exposure, ovarian follicle numbers, and female sex steroid hormone levels: Results from a CLARITY-BPA study

Shreya Patel, Emily Brehm, Liying Gao, Saniya Rattan, Ayelet Ziv-Gal, Jodi A. Flaws

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BisphenolA(BPA) is an industrial chemical found in thermal receipts and food and beverage containers. Previous studies have shown that BPA can affect the numbers and health of ovarian follicles and the production of sex steroid hormones, but they often did not include a wide range of doses of BPA, used a small sample size, focused on relatively short-term exposures to BPA, and/or did not examine the consequences of chronic BPA exposure on the ovaries or steroid levels. Thus, this study was designed to examine the effects of a wide range of doses of BPA on ovarian morphology and sex steroid hormone production. Specifically, this study tested the hypothesis that prenatal and continuous BPA exposure reduces ovarian folliclenumbers and sex steroid hormone levels. To test this hypothesis, rats were dosed with vehicle, ethinyl estradiol (0.05 and 0.5 mg/kg body weight/d), or BPA (2.5, 25, 250, 2500, and 25,000 mg/kg body weight/d) from gestation day 6 until 1 year as part of the Consortium Linking Academic and Regulatory Insights on BPA Toxicity (CLARITY-BPA). Ovaries and sera were collected on postnatal days 1, 21, and 90, and at 6 months and 1 year. The ovaries were subjected to histological evaluation of follicle numbers andthe serawere subjectedtomeasurements of estradiol andprogesterone. Collectively, these data indicate that BPA exposure at some doses and time points affects ovarian follicle numbers and sex steroid levels, but these effects are different than those observed with ethinyl estradiol exposure and some previous studies on BPA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1727-1738
Number of pages12
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology


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