Bismuth oxide-coated (La,Sr)MnO3 cathodes for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells with yttria-stabilized zirconia electrolytes

Zhiyi Jiang, Lei Zhang, Lili Cai, Changrong Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Taking Y2O3 stabilized Bi2O3 (YSB) as an example, bismuth oxide-added (La,Sr)MnO3 (LSM) is evaluated as a cathode for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) with 8 mol% Y2O3 stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) electrolytes. YSB was added to LSM cathodes using an impregnation method, dramatically improving the electrode performance. The interfacial polarization resistance Rp, at 700 °C for the electrode coated with 50 wt.% of YSB is 0.14 Ω cm2, which is only 0.2% of the value for a pure LSM electrode. The high oxygen ionic conductivity and the catalytic activity of YSB, as well as the favorable electrode microstructure are likely reasons for the dramatic reduction of Rp. The YSB-added LSM cathodes also exhibited lower overpotential and higher exchange current density than the pure LSM cathode. Moreover, these electrodes show much lower Rp than that of parallel-fabricated LSM electrodes with samaria-doped-CeO2 as well as other LSM-based electrodes reported in the literature, demonstrating the superiority of the of YSB as the ionic conduction component in composite LSM electrodes. The superior performance of the single cell further demonstrates that the bismuth oxide-added LSM cathode is an excellent candidate for IT-SOFCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3059-3065
Number of pages7
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume54
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • (La,Sr)MnO cathode
  • Bismuth oxide
  • Intermediated temperature SOFC
  • Solid oxide fuel cells
  • Yttria-stabilized zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

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