Self-healing is a natural process common to all living organisms which provides increased longevity and the ability to adapt to changes in the environment. Inspired by this fitness-enhancing functionality, which was tuned by billions of years of evolution, scientists and engineers have been incorporating self-healing capabilities into synthetic materials. By mimicking mechanically triggered chemistry as well as the storage and delivery of liquid reagents, new materials have been developed with extended longevity that are capable of restoring mechanical integrity and additional functions after being damaged. This Review describes the fundamental steps in this new field of science, which combines chemistry, physics, materials science, and mechanical engineering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10428-10447
Number of pages20
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number36
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


  • mechanochemistry
  • microcapsules
  • microvascular regeneration
  • self-healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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