Shoulder pain and pathology are extremely common in adult manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI). Within this population, biological sex and variability in shoulder joint dynamics have been shown to be important contributors to both shoulder pain and pathology. Sex-related differences in shoulder dynamics variability during pediatric manual wheelchair propulsion may influence a user's lifetime risk of shoulder pain and pathology. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of biological sex on variability in three-dimensional (3-D) glenohumeral joint dynamics in pediatric manual wheelchair users with SCI. An inverse dynamics model computed 3-D glenohumeral joint angles, forces, and moments of 20 pediatric manual wheelchair users. Levene's tests assessed biological sex-related differences in variability. Females exhibited less variability in glenohumeral joint kinematics and forces, but greater variability in joint moments than males. Evaluation of glenohumeral joint dynamics with consideration for biological sex and variability strengthens our interpretation of the relationships among shoulder function, pain, and pathology in pediatric manual wheelchair users.Clinical Relevance - Female pediatric manual wheelchair users may be at an increased risk of shoulder repetitive strain injuries due to decreased glenohumeral joint motion and force variability during propulsion. This work establishes quantitative methods for determining the effects of biological sex on the variability of shoulder joint dynamics.