Magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with anti-Escherichia coliO157:H7 or anti-Salmonella typhimuriumantibodies that can specifically bind to their target organisms were used to isolate E. coliO157:H7 and S. typhimurium separately from a cocktail of bacteria and from food matrixes. The pathogens were then detected using labelfree IR fingerprinting. The binding and detection protocol was first validated using a benchtop FT-IR spectrometer and then applied to a portable mid-IR spectrometer to enable this approach as a point-of-detection technology. Highly selective detection was achieved in less than 30 min at both species (E. coliO157:H7 vs S. typhimurium) and strain (E. coli O157:H7 vs E. coli K12) levels in complex food matrixes (2% milk, spinach extract) with a detection limit of 10 4-10 5 CFU/mL. The combined approach of functionalized magnetic nanoparticles and IR spectroscopy imparts specificity through spectroscopic fingerprinting and selectivity through speciesspecific antibodies with an in-built sample extraction step and could be applied in the field for on-site foodborne pathogen monitoring.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry