Binder Distribution in Ceramic Greenware During Thermolysis

Michael J. Cima, Jennifer Alan Lewis, Alan D. Devoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Capillary forces were shown to influence the distribution of polymer-plasicizer mixtures within ceramic green bodies during binder thermolysis. Isothermal thermogravimetric analysis was performed on tape-cast sheets of an aluminapoly(vinyl butyral)-dibutyl phthalate composite and direct observations were made of the binder distribution and pore growth after partial pyrolysis. This led to the investigation of a model system, an alumina-eicosane composite, by similar experimental techniques. The early stage of binder removal was found to be similar to the drying of particle beds in which capillary forces draw liquid into the smaller pores at the surface. The morphology of the binder distribution produced by these processes dictates which mass-transfer resistances may be controlling in binder burnout. A model is described that determines the length scale over which capillarity acts based on measurable physical parameters of the binder system and the packing of the ceramic particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1192-1199
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1989
Externally publishedYes


  • Binders
  • Capillarity
  • Green bodies
  • Modeling
  • Thermal analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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