Bile acid treatment and FXR agonism lower postprandial lipemia in mice

Sarah Farr, Bogdan Stankovic, Simon Hoffman, Hassan Masoudpoor, Chris Baker, Jennifer Taher, Angela E. Dean, Sayeepriyadarshini Anakk, Khosrow Adeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Postprandial dyslipidemia is a common feature of insulin-resistant states and contributes to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Recently, bile acids have been recognized beyond their emulsification properties as important signaling molecules that promote energy expenditure, improve insulin sensitivity, and lower fasting lipemia. Although bile acid receptors have become novel pharmaceutical targets, their effects on postprandial lipid metabolism remain unclear. Here, we investigated the potential role of bile acids in regulation of postprandial chylomicron production and triglyceride excursion. Healthy C57BL/6 mice were given an intraduodenal infusion of taurocholic acid (TA) under fat-loaded conditions, and circulating lipids were measured. Targeting of bile acid receptors was achieved with GW4064, a synthetic agonist to the farnesoid X receptor (FXR), and deoxycholic acid (DCA), an activator of the Takeda G-protein-coupled receptor 5. TA, GW4064, and DCA treatments all lowered postprandial lipemia. FXR agonism also reduced intestinal triglyceride content and activity of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein, involved in chylomicron assembly. Importantly, TA (but not DCA) effects were largely lost in FXR knockout mice. These bile acid effects are reminiscent of the antidiabetic hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Although the GLP-1 receptor agonist exendin-4 retained its ability to acutely lower postprandial lipemia during bile acid sequestration and FXR deficiency, it did raise hepatic expression of the rate-limiting enzyme for bile acid synthesis. Bile acid signaling may be an important mechanism of controlling dietary lipid absorption, and bile acid receptors may constitute novel targets for the treatment of postprandial dyslipidemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H682-G693
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume318
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Bile acid
  • Farnesoid X receptor
  • Glucagon-like peptide-1
  • Postprandial lipemia
  • Takeda G-protein receptor 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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