Bidirectional shake table testing of RC columns retrofitted and repaired with shape memory alloy spirals

Donghyuk Jung, James Wilcoski, Bassem Andrawes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Under the extreme threats of strong earthquakes, bridge columns are required to remain functional to ensure the safety and structural integrity of the entire bridge system. However, many existing bridges designed according to old seismic design provisions lack flexural ductility due to insufficient concrete confinement. Lack of confinement in old bridges is often addressed through providing supplementary external passive confinement. Recently, an active confinement technique using Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) has been proposed as a more effective alternative to conventional passive confinement methods. In this study, the application of SMA confinement in seismic retrofitting and emergency repair of RC bridge columns is examined experimentally through a series of shake table tests. Two 1/6-scale RC columns, retrofitted and repaired with SMA spirals, are tested simultaneously under bidirectional test motions with varying intensity. Test results show that SMA confinement is highly effective in mitigating the seismic damage and improving the seismic performance of retrofitted and repaired RC columns subjected to strong earthquakes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-185
Number of pages15
JournalEngineering Structures
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • Active confinement
  • Bridge columns
  • Emergency repair
  • Retrofit
  • Shake table
  • Shape memory alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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