Beyond gathering: early plant cultivation in Illinois

Mary L. Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The article summarizes archaeobotany research on prehistoric plant cultivation in Illinois. Among the native plant species cultivated in Eastern North America called the Eastern Agricultural Complex (EAC) were goosefoot and maygrass. Goosefoot, sumpweed, squash and ragweed which comprised the Titterington Complex in western Illinois were presumed as a culturally recognized and important economic unit. Also noted is the use of the floodplain terraces by people in western Illinois by the Late Archaic.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17--20
JournalIllinois Antiquity
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2010


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