Beyond Acceptance: A New Model for Technology Engagement in 21st Century Learning

Ibrahim Hakki Bulut, Ömer Delialioğlu, H. Chad Lane

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Technology acceptance model (TAM) has been the predominant model for decades to explain how and to what extent motivational factors affect technology use of people. Despite its robustness and validity for the research in educational technologies, TAM has a behaviorist nature, focusing mainly on extrinsic motivators to explain the acceptance of technology. Considering that learning requires cognitive and social immersion as well as behavioral engagement, behaviorist-oriented approach of TAM can only make limited explanation of acceptance of learning technologies. To overcome this shortcoming of TAM, a new model is proposed, the educational technology engagement model (ETEM), based upon the self-determination theory, which basically offers that both extrinsic and intrinsic motivational factors affect engagement of students for learning. ETEM identifies cognitive, social, and behavioral engagement along with the perceived achievement as motivational outcomes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Research on Digital Learning
EditorsMatthew Montebello
PublisherIGI Global
ISBN (Electronic)9781522593065
ISBN (Print)9781522593041
StatePublished - 2020


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