BETYdb: a yield, trait, and ecosystem service database applied to second-generation bioenergy feedstock production

David Shaner LeBauer, Rob Kooper, Patrick Mulrooney, Scott Rohde, Dan Wang, Stephen P Long, Michael C. Dietze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Increasing demand for sustainable energy has led to research and development on the cultivation of diverse plant species for biomass production. To support the research and development required to domesticate and cultivate crops for bioenergy, we developed the Biofuel Ecophysiological Traits and Yields database (BETYdb). BETYdb is a centralized open-access repository that facilitates organization, discovery, and exchange of information about plant traits, crop yields, and ecosystem functions. BETYdb provides user interfaces to simplify storage and discovery as well as programming interfaces that support automated and reproducible scientific workflows. Presently, BETYdb contains over forty thousand observations of plant traits, biomass yields, and ecosystem dynamics collected from the published articles and ongoing field studies. Over half of these records represent fewer than ten genera that have been intensively evaluated for biomass production, while the other half represent over two thousand plant species reflecting research on new crops, unmanaged ecosystems, and land use transitions associated with bioenergy. BETYdb has been accessed over twenty-five thousand times and is used in the fields of bioenergy and ecosystem ecology to quantify yield potential and ecosystem functioning of crops and unmanaged systems under present and future climates. Here, we summarize the database contents and illustrate its applications. We show its utility in a new analysis that confirms that Miscanthus is twice as productive as switchgrass over a much wider range of environmental and management conditions than covered in previous analyses. We compare traits related to carbon uptake and water use of these species with each other and with two coppice shrubs, poplar and willow. These examples, along with a growing body of published research that used BETYdb, illustrate the scope of research supported through this open-access database.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalGCB Bioenergy
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Fingerprint

bioenergy
Biofuels
feedstocks
biofuels
biofuel
ecosystem service
ecosystem services
Ecosystems
Feedstocks
Crops
ecosystems
Biomass
research and development
crop
ecosystem
biomass production
biomass
user interface
Miscanthus
new crops

Keywords

  • bioenergy crops
  • database
  • ecosystem services
  • meta-analysis
  • open access
  • plant traits
  • yields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

BETYdb : a yield, trait, and ecosystem service database applied to second-generation bioenergy feedstock production. / LeBauer, David Shaner; Kooper, Rob; Mulrooney, Patrick; Rohde, Scott; Wang, Dan; Long, Stephen P; Dietze, Michael C.

In: GCB Bioenergy, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.2018, p. 61-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f97cecd969834e9a92c1a7ab6d5bdce4,
title = "BETYdb: a yield, trait, and ecosystem service database applied to second-generation bioenergy feedstock production",
abstract = "Increasing demand for sustainable energy has led to research and development on the cultivation of diverse plant species for biomass production. To support the research and development required to domesticate and cultivate crops for bioenergy, we developed the Biofuel Ecophysiological Traits and Yields database (BETYdb). BETYdb is a centralized open-access repository that facilitates organization, discovery, and exchange of information about plant traits, crop yields, and ecosystem functions. BETYdb provides user interfaces to simplify storage and discovery as well as programming interfaces that support automated and reproducible scientific workflows. Presently, BETYdb contains over forty thousand observations of plant traits, biomass yields, and ecosystem dynamics collected from the published articles and ongoing field studies. Over half of these records represent fewer than ten genera that have been intensively evaluated for biomass production, while the other half represent over two thousand plant species reflecting research on new crops, unmanaged ecosystems, and land use transitions associated with bioenergy. BETYdb has been accessed over twenty-five thousand times and is used in the fields of bioenergy and ecosystem ecology to quantify yield potential and ecosystem functioning of crops and unmanaged systems under present and future climates. Here, we summarize the database contents and illustrate its applications. We show its utility in a new analysis that confirms that Miscanthus is twice as productive as switchgrass over a much wider range of environmental and management conditions than covered in previous analyses. We compare traits related to carbon uptake and water use of these species with each other and with two coppice shrubs, poplar and willow. These examples, along with a growing body of published research that used BETYdb, illustrate the scope of research supported through this open-access database.",
keywords = "bioenergy crops, database, ecosystem services, meta-analysis, open access, plant traits, yields",
author = "LeBauer, {David Shaner} and Rob Kooper and Patrick Mulrooney and Scott Rohde and Dan Wang and Long, {Stephen P} and Dietze, {Michael C.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/gcbb.12420",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "61--71",
journal = "GCB Bioenergy",
issn = "1757-1693",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - BETYdb

T2 - a yield, trait, and ecosystem service database applied to second-generation bioenergy feedstock production

AU - LeBauer, David Shaner

AU - Kooper, Rob

AU - Mulrooney, Patrick

AU - Rohde, Scott

AU - Wang, Dan

AU - Long, Stephen P

AU - Dietze, Michael C.

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - Increasing demand for sustainable energy has led to research and development on the cultivation of diverse plant species for biomass production. To support the research and development required to domesticate and cultivate crops for bioenergy, we developed the Biofuel Ecophysiological Traits and Yields database (BETYdb). BETYdb is a centralized open-access repository that facilitates organization, discovery, and exchange of information about plant traits, crop yields, and ecosystem functions. BETYdb provides user interfaces to simplify storage and discovery as well as programming interfaces that support automated and reproducible scientific workflows. Presently, BETYdb contains over forty thousand observations of plant traits, biomass yields, and ecosystem dynamics collected from the published articles and ongoing field studies. Over half of these records represent fewer than ten genera that have been intensively evaluated for biomass production, while the other half represent over two thousand plant species reflecting research on new crops, unmanaged ecosystems, and land use transitions associated with bioenergy. BETYdb has been accessed over twenty-five thousand times and is used in the fields of bioenergy and ecosystem ecology to quantify yield potential and ecosystem functioning of crops and unmanaged systems under present and future climates. Here, we summarize the database contents and illustrate its applications. We show its utility in a new analysis that confirms that Miscanthus is twice as productive as switchgrass over a much wider range of environmental and management conditions than covered in previous analyses. We compare traits related to carbon uptake and water use of these species with each other and with two coppice shrubs, poplar and willow. These examples, along with a growing body of published research that used BETYdb, illustrate the scope of research supported through this open-access database.

AB - Increasing demand for sustainable energy has led to research and development on the cultivation of diverse plant species for biomass production. To support the research and development required to domesticate and cultivate crops for bioenergy, we developed the Biofuel Ecophysiological Traits and Yields database (BETYdb). BETYdb is a centralized open-access repository that facilitates organization, discovery, and exchange of information about plant traits, crop yields, and ecosystem functions. BETYdb provides user interfaces to simplify storage and discovery as well as programming interfaces that support automated and reproducible scientific workflows. Presently, BETYdb contains over forty thousand observations of plant traits, biomass yields, and ecosystem dynamics collected from the published articles and ongoing field studies. Over half of these records represent fewer than ten genera that have been intensively evaluated for biomass production, while the other half represent over two thousand plant species reflecting research on new crops, unmanaged ecosystems, and land use transitions associated with bioenergy. BETYdb has been accessed over twenty-five thousand times and is used in the fields of bioenergy and ecosystem ecology to quantify yield potential and ecosystem functioning of crops and unmanaged systems under present and future climates. Here, we summarize the database contents and illustrate its applications. We show its utility in a new analysis that confirms that Miscanthus is twice as productive as switchgrass over a much wider range of environmental and management conditions than covered in previous analyses. We compare traits related to carbon uptake and water use of these species with each other and with two coppice shrubs, poplar and willow. These examples, along with a growing body of published research that used BETYdb, illustrate the scope of research supported through this open-access database.

KW - bioenergy crops

KW - database

KW - ecosystem services

KW - meta-analysis

KW - open access

KW - plant traits

KW - yields

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85008414432&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85008414432&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/gcbb.12420

DO - 10.1111/gcbb.12420

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85008414432

VL - 10

SP - 61

EP - 71

JO - GCB Bioenergy

JF - GCB Bioenergy

SN - 1757-1693

IS - 1

ER -