Benefits of near-infrared spectroscopy for characterization of selected organo-montmorillonites

Jana Madejová, Ľuboš Jankovič, Martin Pentrák, Peter Komadel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The potential of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy in characterization of organically modified clay minerals is introduced. Selected organo-clays, possibly perspective fillers in clay polymer nanocomposites, were prepared from Na-montmorillonite and different surfactants containing octylammonium chain(s), hexadecylammonium chain(s) or a benzene ring with or without a reactive double bond. Based on the stretching (ν) and bending (δ) vibrations observed in the middle IR (MIR) region, the first overtone (2νXH) and combination (ν + δ)XH modes of XH groups (X = O, C, N) are identified. The effect of larger alkylammonium cations on the vibrations of Si-O and OH bonds in montmorillonite layers is observed. The changes in the intensity of the (ν + δ)H 2O band near 5250 cm -1 allows for comparison of the amount of water adsorbed on the montmorillonite surface. The water content decreases with the size of the organic cation reflecting increasing hydrophobicity of the montmorillonite surface. The NIR region shows the 2νCH 3 and 2νCH 2 bands in the 5900-5500 cm -1 region, an upward shift is observed for the complex band due to 2νCH(Ar) of aromatic benzene ring. The NIR spectra are extremely useful in identification of NH 2 +, NH + and vinyl groups, which are difficult to recognize in the MIR spectra of organo-clays due to overlapping with other absorption bands. The intense bands corresponding to overtones and combination vibrations of NH 3 + and NH 2 + groups are found in the 6600-6050 cm -1 and 5000-4600 cm -1 regions, the (ν + δ)NH + is unambiguously identified near 4750 cm -1. The characteristic band assigned to 2νCH 2 in H 2CC is detected near 6130 cm -1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalVibrational Spectroscopy
Volume57
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 16 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aryl-, alkylammonium cations
  • Montmorillonite
  • Near-IR spectroscopy
  • Organo-clays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy

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