Behavioral hierarchies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Tinbergen pointed out that the singleness of behavioral expression and the transitions among behaviors suggested active inhibition by a dominant behavior of subordinates. This implicit neural hypothesis has been investigated in several model systems. In no instance was choice found to be mediated by direct inhibition of one central pattern generator by another, nor through inhibition of command neurons by extrinsic inputs. Rather, changing behavioral expression was based on reconfiguring the underlying neuronal networks for alternative outputs by changing inputs from internal and external sources. Thus, where known, behavioral hierarchies and their plasticity are based on the abilities of neuronal networks to transit among multiple, metastable states of coordination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages145-154
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

Central Pattern Generators
Neurons

Keywords

  • Aplysia
  • Central pattern generator
  • Choice
  • Command neuron
  • Cost-benefit
  • Decision
  • Hirudo
  • Leech
  • Lymnaea
  • Multifunctional network
  • Pleurobranchaea
  • Tinbergen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Gillette, R. (2009). Behavioral hierarchies. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 145-154). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01946-X

Behavioral hierarchies. / Gillette, Rhanor.

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, 2009. p. 145-154.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Gillette, R 2009, Behavioral hierarchies. in Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, pp. 145-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01946-X
Gillette R. Behavioral hierarchies. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd. 2009. p. 145-154 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01946-X
Gillette, Rhanor. / Behavioral hierarchies. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, 2009. pp. 145-154
@inbook{90dd0aa767ea40aeb9c6fe6e89bd2f82,
title = "Behavioral hierarchies",
abstract = "Tinbergen pointed out that the singleness of behavioral expression and the transitions among behaviors suggested active inhibition by a dominant behavior of subordinates. This implicit neural hypothesis has been investigated in several model systems. In no instance was choice found to be mediated by direct inhibition of one central pattern generator by another, nor through inhibition of command neurons by extrinsic inputs. Rather, changing behavioral expression was based on reconfiguring the underlying neuronal networks for alternative outputs by changing inputs from internal and external sources. Thus, where known, behavioral hierarchies and their plasticity are based on the abilities of neuronal networks to transit among multiple, metastable states of coordination.",
keywords = "Aplysia, Central pattern generator, Choice, Command neuron, Cost-benefit, Decision, Hirudo, Leech, Lymnaea, Multifunctional network, Pleurobranchaea, Tinbergen",
author = "Rhanor Gillette",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01946-X",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780080450469",
pages = "145--154",
booktitle = "Encyclopedia of Neuroscience",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Behavioral hierarchies

AU - Gillette, Rhanor

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - Tinbergen pointed out that the singleness of behavioral expression and the transitions among behaviors suggested active inhibition by a dominant behavior of subordinates. This implicit neural hypothesis has been investigated in several model systems. In no instance was choice found to be mediated by direct inhibition of one central pattern generator by another, nor through inhibition of command neurons by extrinsic inputs. Rather, changing behavioral expression was based on reconfiguring the underlying neuronal networks for alternative outputs by changing inputs from internal and external sources. Thus, where known, behavioral hierarchies and their plasticity are based on the abilities of neuronal networks to transit among multiple, metastable states of coordination.

AB - Tinbergen pointed out that the singleness of behavioral expression and the transitions among behaviors suggested active inhibition by a dominant behavior of subordinates. This implicit neural hypothesis has been investigated in several model systems. In no instance was choice found to be mediated by direct inhibition of one central pattern generator by another, nor through inhibition of command neurons by extrinsic inputs. Rather, changing behavioral expression was based on reconfiguring the underlying neuronal networks for alternative outputs by changing inputs from internal and external sources. Thus, where known, behavioral hierarchies and their plasticity are based on the abilities of neuronal networks to transit among multiple, metastable states of coordination.

KW - Aplysia

KW - Central pattern generator

KW - Choice

KW - Command neuron

KW - Cost-benefit

KW - Decision

KW - Hirudo

KW - Leech

KW - Lymnaea

KW - Multifunctional network

KW - Pleurobranchaea

KW - Tinbergen

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84882912032&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84882912032&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01946-X

DO - 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01946-X

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84882912032

SN - 9780080450469

SP - 145

EP - 154

BT - Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

PB - Elsevier Ltd

ER -