Behavior of Japanese quail in different air velocities and air temperatures

Tatiany Carvalho dos Santos, Richard Stephen Gates, Ilda de Fátima Ferreira Tinôco, Sérgio Zolnier, Fernando da Costa Baêta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this work was to evaluate the combined effects of air temperature and air velocity on the behavior of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). A total of 216 Japanese quail in their initial laying phase were used. Bird behavior was categorized with an ethogram (eat, drink, stop, open wings/shiver, others). The experimental design was a randomized complete block, in a 4x4 factorial arrangement, with four air velocities (0, 1, 2, and 3 m s-1) and air temperatures (17, 23, 29, and 35°C). The behavior "stop" was greater when the birds were subjected to 17°C. At 35°C, a significant reduction (p < 0.05) was observed in the behavior "eat" at 0 m s-1, compared with the other velocities. The behaviors of laying quail are similar in the morning and in the afternoon. Quail remain stopped for a longer time under cold stress conditions, at 17°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-354
Number of pages11
JournalPesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2017


  • Cold stress
  • Coturnix coturnix japonica
  • Ethology
  • Heat stress
  • Thermal sensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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