Baseline rolling resistance for tires’ on-road fuel efficiency using finite element modeling

Jaime A. Hernandez, Imad L. Al-Qadi, Hasan Ozer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Calculation of truck tires rolling resistance, using the finite element method and considering variables such as incompressible visco-hyperelastic rubber materials, accurate tire geometry and steady temperature distribution, is presented. The model was validated using experimentally measured contact area and contact stresses. Rolling resistance was calculated for three values of axle load, tire inflation pressure, temperature and speed. In addition, regression analysis was used to propose a mathematical expression for predicting rolling resistance as a function of the considered variables. Finally, the contribution of tire’s rubber components to the internal energy was quantified, and it was found that sidewall and subtread were the most relevant. The results of this study will help differentiate the contribution of pavement parameters, such as mean profile depth and international roughness index, to fuel efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-432
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 4 2017


  • Rolling resistance
  • coefficient of rolling resistance
  • energy loss
  • fuel efficiency
  • tire modelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


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