Base hydrolysis of coordinated thiophene in (C5R5)Rh(C4Me4S)2+: Nucleophilic attack at divalent sulfur and the reversible cleavage of C-S bonds

Anton E. Skaugset, Thomas B. Rauchfuss, Scott R. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This report describes studies on the base hydrolysis of [(C5Me5)Rh(C4Me4S)]2+ (1) which gives an acyl thiolate (C5Me5)Rh(η4-SC3Me 3C(O)Me) (2) concomitant with cleavage of one C-S bond (C4Me4S = 2,3,4,5-tetramethylthiophene). The C-S cleavage event involves deprotonation of [(C5Me5)Rh(C4Me4S-2-OH)]+ (3). This cation was prepared by protonation of 2 using HOTf or NH4PF6. The conversion of 2 to 3 is proposed to involve protonation of the carbonyl oxygen followed by intramolecular alkylation of the thiolate ligand. This alkylation was modeled by the addition of MeOTf to 2 to give [(C5Me5)Rh(MeSC3Me3C(O)Me)]OTf (4). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies show that both 3 and 4 can be described as η4-thioether allyl complexes of Rh111. Earlier steps in the base hydrolysis reaction were uncovered following the discovery that addition of excess OH- to the tetramethylcyclopentadienyl complex [(C5Me4H)Rh(C4Me4S)]2+ gave the S-oxide (C5Me4H)Rh(C4Me4S-1-O), not the acyl thiolate. This S-oxide species reacts with NH4PF6 to give [(C5Me4H)Rh-(C4Me4S-2-OH)]OTf, an analog of 3, which in turn deprotonates to give the acyl thiolate (C5Me4H)Rh(SC3Me3C(O)Me), an analog of 2. This conversion establishes that the S-oxide is a kinetic product, less stable thermodynamically than the acyl thiolate isomer. Thus the S-oxide (C5Me5)Rh(η4-C4Me 4S-1-O) reacts with NH4PF6 to give 2 and high [OH-] favors the conversion of 1 to (C5Me5)Rh(η4-C4Me 4S-1-O).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9521-9526
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume114
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Base hydrolysis of coordinated thiophene in (C5R5)Rh(C4Me4S)2+: Nucleophilic attack at divalent sulfur and the reversible cleavage of C-S bonds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this