Barbarian ‘Arian’ Clergy, Church Organization, and Church Practices

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter focusses on barbarian Arianism, which was a very different matter. Barbarians espousing the creed of Ulfila, that is, the Creed of Rimini, came into the empire as groups under their own chieftains and also served in the Roman army in large numbers. Arian barbarian soldiers hardly could be relegated to some kind of untenable heretic category, so the Roman government looked for ways to exempt them from the condemnations of heretics. Indeed, an attempt to do so may lie behind a curious rider attached to the second canon of the Council of Constantinople of 381 that dealt with the jurisdictions of eastern bishops. The differences in nature of the episcopate in the barbarian Arian and Roman Nicene churches arose because of the special needs of barbarian gentes. Christian identity was established by affiliation with a creed. Thus, Arian Homoians subscribed to the Creed of Rimini of 359 whereas Nicenes subscribed to the Creed of Nicaea of 325.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationArianism
Subtitle of host publicationRoman Heresy and Barbarian Creed
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Pages145-191
Number of pages47
ISBN (Electronic)9781317178668
ISBN (Print)9781409446590
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities

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